December 4, 2004
The reference Alcatraz in derived form the Spanish Alcatraces. In 175, the Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala was the first to sail into what is now known as San Francisco Bay: this expedition mapped the bay, and named one of the three islands Alcatraces; over time, the name was Anglicized to Alcatraz. While the exact meaning is still debated, Alcatraz is usually outlined as meaning pelican or strange bird.
In 1850, a presidential order set aside the island for possible use as a United States armament reservation. The California Gold Rush, the resulting expand in the growth of San Francisco, and the need to protect San Francisco Bay direct the United States Army to build a Citadel, or a fortress, at the top of the island on the early 1850s. The Army also made plans to install more than 100 cannons on the island, reservation Alcatraz the most heavily fortified forces site on the West Coast. Together with Fort Point and Lime Point, Alcatraz create a triangle of defense designed to protect the ledger entry to the bay. The island was also the site of the first operational lighthouse on the West Coast of the United States.
By the late 1850s, the first military prisoners were being housed on the island. While the defensive necessity of Alcatraz otiose over time, (the island never fired its guns in battle), its role as a prison would continue for more than 100 years.
In 1909, the Army tore down the Citadel, leaving its basement take to serve as the foundation for a new military prison. From 1909 through 1911, the military prisoners on Alcatraz built the new prison, which was designated the Pacific Branch, U.S. Disciplinary Barrack for the U. S. Army. It was this prison building that later...
Hey this great! Been to alcatraz and told the apologue exactly what is here... Worth reading before visiting ALcatraz.
If you want to get a full essay, wisit our page: write my paper