Monday, April 1, 2013

Medicalisation of Birth

Medical Dominance and the Medicalisation of consanguinity
The birthing process hasnt of all time been seen within a medical lens. Hi bilgewater tells a story of the processes of birth as well as the roles surrounding birth as being completely different to the story that is told in society today. What was once seen as an event which took place in the home surrounded by women and supervised by a midwife has at present been shifted within the confines of a infirmary under the supervising of medical personnel. This shift is due in part to the idea that birth, a natural and social event, is now a result of an illness- gestation- and thus needs to be considered a medical procedure. Furthermore, womens bodies were seen as an illness and inferior to the potent body (Lupton, 2003, pg 144) which was viewed as more developed, stronger and firmer than the female body (Peterson, 1998). and then the need to have women under medical surveillance and and then the medical specialty of Gynaecology emerged (Lupton, 2003, pg 144). Infact, menstruation and even pregnancy were viewed and treated as abnormal and sicknesses rather than normal natural functions (Lupton, 2003, pg 146) and since the late nineteenth century, pregnancy and childbirth have nonplus progressively medicalised and the pregnant women cast as a longanimous (Lupton, 2003, pg 159).

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Thus this report seeks to explore the ways in which Birth was and is seen as a form of Illness and thus how it has buzz off medicalised.
Within the pregnancy and birthing arena, midwives, which were the sole assistants in historic births were made to be portrayed as inexperienced and un-professional and were indeed blamed for the gamy mortality rates of both mothers and babies. However, fit to Louden (2000, pg 241S), historical data shows that homebirth deliveries under midwife supervision were in actuality lowest around the 1920s to 1940s. He maintains that the high mortality rates existing were due to unnecessary noise whereby deliveries performed by...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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