Introduction Robbins defines motivation as The processes that account for an individuals intensity, direction and persistence of motility towards attaining a goal. (Organisational Behaviour, 9th edition, Stephen P Robbins, 2000).
Despite the number of books on the subject few, if any, provide a method for the accurate mensuration of motivation.
Motivation is an individualÂ¡Â¦s psychological response to an objective. The end of whether employees atomic number 18 highly motivated therefore becomes, what would seem to be, an out of the question task, whilst determination of the aras in which the motivation is to be assessed must as well as be considered.
This paper discusses the tools that are available to help delimitate the concepts of motivation and its assessment.
Theories Of Motivation Early Motivation Concepts In the beforehand(predicate) 1950s, three specific theories were formulated which, although now questionable in terms of validity, are probably the best known explanations for employee motivation. They are: Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The Hierarchy of of necessity surmise - (Abraham Maslow) There is a pecking order of five needs - physiological, safety, social esteem, and self - actualisation - and as each need is satisfied, the next need becomes dominant Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The X and Y Theories - (Douglas McGregor) surmise X: that employees dis deal work and responsibility, are lazy and must be coerced to perform.
Theory Y: that employees like work, are creative, seek responsibility, and can exercise self-direction Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The Two-Factor Theory Â¡V (Frederick Herzberg) Intrinsic factors are related to job rapture while extrinsic factors are associated with dissatisfaction Current Concepts of Motivation much recent theories represent the current state of the art in explaining motivation and, although not unquestionably right, they have a sensible degree of valid supporting documentation.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â ERG Theory - (Clayton Alderfer) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Theory of Needs - (David McClelland) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Cognitive Evaluation Theory - (Unknown) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Goal Setting Theory - (Edwin Locke) Theories Of Motivation Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Reinforcement Theory - (Unknown) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Equity Theory - (J Stacy Adams) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â foretaste Theory -...
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