Monday, April 8, 2013

PHIL 201 Essay on Utilitarianism

Mills Utilitarianism held that things and actions were undecomposed in proportion to the meter of happiness they engendered and the amount of people they engendered happiness in - in other words, the quarry was for the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Utilitarianism further holds that actions be remunerate til now as they promote happiness and wrong insofar as they promote unhappiness. Mill explains that some kinds of happiness are innately greater than others, as was shown by people favoring unmatchable over the other. Ignorance may be bliss, but Mill held that no learned person would choose to be ignorant crimson if the ignorant were, in a way, happier than him or her. It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a wild boar satisfied; better to be a Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. He claimed.

But what is happiness? According to Mill, Happiness is cheer or the absence of pain; unhappiness is pain or the absence of pleasure. Holding pleasure and happiness as the supreme good is a principle Utilitarianism shares with Hedonism. This leads immediately to a reprehension that Mill clearly wants to block: if pleasure is all that matters, because why isnt utilitarianism a swines philosophy? Why doesnt it imply that a life of crude sensual pleasure is as good as any other life?

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Mills first fate is that if humans were only capable of the sorts of pleasures that swine are capable of, indeed a piggish life would be the highest good. But in fact, humans are capable of many pleasures that arent available to swine at all. Still, the raw pleasure involved in, say, drowning a pint of methamphetamine hydrochloride cream is usually a lot more anxious than the pleasures of listening to Beethoven. So even on Mills criterion, it might come along that the swinish...

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