Friday, April 12, 2013

The Crimean War, why do some historians refer to it as " the first modern war"

        The Crimean War of 1853-56 was one of the long series of Russo-Turkish wars, but it differed from the others in that Britain and France were involved. In fact, the military conflict was mingled with Russia and a confederation of Great Britain, France, the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire ( at present Turkey). Some historians hand the Crimean War as the first modern war, in that it utilised many new factors that weren¹t used in previous wars.

The Congress of Vienna introduced new rules into the balance-of- tycoon game. Great Britain, France, Russia, Prussia, and Austria were now dedicated to a European territorial settlement hold by a new mechanism called the Concert of Europe. whatever changes would have to be make by prior reference work among the five major powers. The Eastern Question revolved round the fear that one of the European powers would upset the balance of power by taking advantage of any internal changes made in the domains of the Ottoman Empire.

By the early 1850s, however, Czar Nicholas I of Russia believed he saw another opportunity to further Russian lick by intervention in Turkish affairs. He felt up confident of grateful support from Austria in return for the abet Russia had given the Habsburg dynasty during the revolutions of 1848 to 1850.

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He also believed, mistakenly, that the British government of George Hamilton-Gordon, quaternary earl of Aberdeen, would collaborate in a partition of the Balkan territories controlled by the Turks.

The agile pretext for Russian intervention was a dispute between Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians over control of the holy places in Palestine, which was part of the Ottoman Empire. In December 1852 the Ottoman sultan, responding to French pressure, decided in favor of the Roman Catholics. Nicholas, the protector of Orthodoxy, promptly dispatched a mission to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey),

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