The IMT was situated in the Bavarian Central Court board of Justice. The intention of the trial was to demonstrate the allies impartial administration of justice. The bill of indictment had to be translated into quadruple separate languages, French, English, German and Russian, comprised of 24 000 spoken language and took nearly two days to read.
In all there were xx four defendants charged with the commission of four crimes:
1. Crimes against peace
2. Conspiracy to salary war
3. War crimes, and
4. Crimes against humanity
Before the trial opened the number of defendants was reduced to cardinal one. Martin Bormann disappeared, Robert Ley strangled himself in his cell and Gustav Krupp was too ill to birth trial.
The Charter of the IMT (the Nuremberg Charter) had set up an international military tribunal, comprising the four victorious allies, Britain, America, France and Russia, and the charter had clothed the tribunal with jurisdiction. The charter did non create new crimes but defined crimes which existed at the metre the acts were done under international or domestic integrity, although the enforcement of the law was something new.
The judges from the victorious allies establish to the charters tribunal were appointed by there respective government each with an alternative judge who sat but did not have pick out powers.
The American Judge was Mr Francis Biddle, a former US lawyer general; his alternative was a senior judge of the US circuit of Appeals. The French was represented by Professor Donnedieu de Vabres, a recognised authority on international law. The Russians were represented by a major general and lieutenant colonel who was the vice prexy of the Supreme Court of the USSR and a member of the Soviet regularize Court respectively, both of whom wore their military uniforms on the bench. The British contingent were led by...
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