Friday, March 1, 2019
Lighting Needs of Houses in Newbold Crossing
LIGHTING NEEDS OF THE HOUSE Gl ar problems snow or b atomic number 18 ground Newbold is situated in the rural north-west vault of heaven of NSW, with Clarence River been the main body of wet that passes directly through the area. According to results conducted by the Department of the Environment, Water, inheritance and the Arts(2009) the turbidity of this lifesize body of water supply appears to be fair to poor. Turbidity takes into account suspended solids in the water and measures the clarity, absorption of light and the come in of light which gets scattered causing itty-bitty to no glare to supports on the banks of the river.The topography of Newbold is mainly flat with a bitstock of gentle slopes, which consists of grass land, bare ground and the remainder of the area been adjoin by trees. As the absolute majority of the days throughout the year are sunny with little or no overcast shadows. This means that in that respect is an abundant amount of cheerfulness which h its the pasture and bare ground with the majority of the amount of sunlight been clothed with small amounts uv-rays that bounce off and urinate minimal to no discomfort to the eyes.Pretoria in South Africa is geographically the same in essence as Newbold Crossing in NSW as the same phenomena with glare occurs in that location. Clarence Way, Newbold NSW 2460 http//maps. google. com. au/maps? hl=en&tab=wl innate(p) and conventionalized methods of lighting Ndebele ho social functions in Pretoria, South Africa only had one fountain which was the entrance into the house. As displayed in the picture be first gear the entrance was typically facing the south, this meant that minimal amount of light entered the building. The source of light came from a fire which was set in the middle of the hut.Image 1 Ndebele handed-down huts Traditional houses in Pretoria, South Africa make up always aimed at eliminating the level best amount of sunlight that could penetrate their huts. But throu gh the years their huts exhaust evolved and changed due to the influences that they had from the Sotho and Pedi neighbours. In respect to the dimensions of the entrance of their huts, they have gotten larger meaning that further light could enter the building. This design is similar to houses graduation built in Newbold Crossing.Initially they had small window dimensions, as they persuasion this would minimise the amount of heat that would enter the building, but they suffered from cold nights and low levels of lighting in houses. Soon they developed a new concept where they would have larger window dimensions to allow light into a house so that rooms would be illuminated, and so that relatively low amount of heat would be retained within the household for the cold night, making houses thermally more comfortable. This same concept lead to the idea of large windows been incorporated into Newbold Crossing.The concept has developed as houses in this region have solar passive desig n. The houses constructed have specific eave dimensions to counteract the amount of sunlight the building takes in. In the winter the sun has a low fee in respect to the vista of the earth, and the maximum amount of sunlight is absorbed to maintain the building warm and well lit up. But in the summer the angle at which the sun is in respect to the horizon to the earth is greater, this is where the eaves are used to counteract the effect of direct sunlight by the building.To further avoid the abundant amount of direct sunlight, properties in Newbold have trees located in-front of large windows. In the centre and other areas of a house that sunlight does not reach, a skylight is put in place to aid with natural lighting and avoid carbon footprints. The contrived method of lighting in Newbold is through incandescent light bulbs and or so of the newer houses use halogen downlights. But the Clarence Valley Council (corresponding council of Newbold) has set up initiatives and emphasise d the use of compact fluorescent lights which have less wattage ower but in turn does not require the same amount of energy to run, whence it uses less electricity and minimises carbon footprints. Taking in mind that there is plenty of sunlight throughout the whole year into households, so artificial lighting should only be used during the evening or for tasks that are complex and require good lighting. REFERENCE Australian Governement, 2009, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, viewed 9 May 2010, Dalton, J 1808, A new system of chemical substance philosophy, Deansgate, London.